Minimally Invasive Joint Replacement
Total Hip Replacement
Total Hip Replacement THR and Total Knee Replacement TKR are very successful surgical treatment for arthritis of the hip and knee respectively.
Over the last several years hip and knee replacement surgery has evolved to a Minimally Invasive technique.
Advantages of Minimally Invasive Joint Replacement are
Less tissue trauma – muscles and tendons are avoided or separated, not cut
Faster and less painful rehabilitation
Smaller incisions and less scarring – two incisions of 1½ to 2 inches each, rather than one 10-to 12-inch incision
Shorter hospital stay – 1-2 days (vs. 3-5 days); some patients go home in less than 24 hours
Reduced blood loss and less need for pre-surgery blood donation
Faster return to work and daily activities
Hip replacement has become necessary for your arthritic hip: this is one of the most effective operations known and should give you many years of freedom from pain.
Once you have arthritis which has not responded to conservative treatment, you may well be a candidate for total hip replacement surgery.
Arthritis is a general term covering numerous conditions where the joint surface (cartilage) wears out. The joint surface is covered by a smooth articular surface that allows pain free movement in the joint. This surface can wear out for a number of reasons, often the definite cause is not known. When the articular cartilage wears out, the bone ends rub on one another and cause pain. There are numerous conditions that can cause arthritis and often the exact cause is never known. In general, but not always, it affects people as they get older (Osteoarthritis).Childhood disorders e.g., dislocated hip, Perthe’s disease, slipped epiphysis etc.
Growth abnormalities of the hip (such as a shallow socket) may lead to premature arthritis
Increased stress e.g., overuse, overweight, etc.
Avascular necrosis (loss of blood supply)
Connective tissue disorders
Inactive lifestyle- e.g., Obesity, as additional weight puts extra force through your joints which can lead to arthritis over a period of time
Inflammation e.g., Rheumatoid arthritis